Unit 8 : Intelligence

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Unit Essential Question : How is Intelligence a "Fluid" Concept?
*Answer - The intelligence of a person can vary depending on genetics, personal experience and how well you learn things.

Concept 1 : Nature of Intelligence

*Words to know : Intelligence - Capacity of Learning. Achievement- Something accomplished that you're proud of.
Multiple Intelligence's - Each person contain more than 1 type of intelligence. Triarchic Theory - Different kinds of intelligence's exhibited by humans.

LEQ 1 - How do we explain the difference between intelligence and achievement?
*Answer - Intelligence is how much you know, Achievement is how much you can accomplish with your intelligence.

Concept 2 : Measuring Intelligence

*Words to know : Retardation- The state of being retarded. IQ Tests- Tests that test you intelligence or knowledge. Reliability- To be reliable. Validity- to be valid or not. Standardization

LEQ 2 - How do you measure Intelligence?
*Answer - IQ tests, Common sense, Streets smarts and other testing situations

Concept 3 : Issues with Intelligence testing

*Words to know : Cultural Bias, Heritability, Adoptee Studies

LEQ 3A - Why are there [[#|problems]] with Intelligence testing?
*Answer - They have cultural bias's, some people may not take any tests well and they questions aren't always the same.

LEQ 3B - How do you design a fair IQ test?
*Answer - They have to be reliable and valid according to what they say the test is on, they also have to make sure the test is logical to take.

Intelligence vs. Achievement
-Intelligence: the ability to think rationally and learn from experience
-Achievement: knowledge and skills gained from experience

Theories of Intelligence
*Spearman's Two Factor Theory
-General Intelligence--the ability to reason and solve [[#|problems]]
-Specific Intelligence--specific abilities
Generally, if good in one, good in the other

*Thurstone's Theory of Primary Mental Abilities
1. Visual and Spatial
2. Perceptual Speed
3. Numerical Ability
4. Verbal Reasoning
5. Memory
6. Word Fluency
7. Deductive Reasoning
8. Inductive Reasoning
*Not linked together

*Gardner's Multiple Intelligences
1. Logical-Mathematical
2. Verbal Linguistic
3. Musical
4. Visual-Spatial
5. Bodily-Kinesthetic
6. Interpersonal (other people)
7. Intrapersonal (yourself)
8. Naturalistic
*All independent of each other
*Each exists side by side in each person, but intensity can vary

*Sternberg's Triarchic Theory
1. Analytic--book smart
2. Creative--thinking outside the box
3. Practical--street smarts
*All work together

*Goldman's [[#|Emotional Intelligence]]
1. Self-Awareness
2. Mood Management
3. Self-Motivation
4. Impulse Control
5. People Skills
Stanford-Binet Scales
IQ=(Mental Age) *divided by* (Chronological Age x 100)
IQ--Intelligence Quotient

Welschler Scale
More widely used
Scores based on a comparison of answers from others in [[#|your]] age group
MA is not used, but overall score represents your IQ
The average score at any age is 100

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Problems with [[#|Intelligence Test]]
-Cultural Bias
-Economic Factors
IQ Scores
Below 20--Profound Retardation
20-34--Severe Retardation
35-49--Moderate Retardation
50-70--Mild Retardation
70-130--Normal (90-110--average)
Above 130--gifted
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